Training on Transaction Analysis of Sexual Exploitation of Children Involving Financial Institutions for Financial Transaction Report and Analysis Center (PPATK), Law Enforcement and Private sector

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Bogor, 13-14 June 2017 – Financial Transaction Report and Analysis Center (PPATK) is a central agency (focal point) that coordinates the implementation of prevention and eradication of money laundering in Indonesia. Internationally, PPATK is a Financial Intelligence Unit (FIU) which has duty and authority to receive financial transaction report, analyze financial transaction report, and forward the result of analysis to law enforcement agency.

Financial transaction between child sex consumers and exploiters using banking or non-banking financial services is an aspect of child sexual exploitation cases which is often overlooked by many parties. When a consumer buys sexual services from a child via a bank transfer or a credit card, the bank certainly knows the financial transaction but it “maybe” does not know what for the financial transaction is. Even, PPATK assumes that there have been financial transactions related to pedophile networks in Indonesia.

PPATK plays a vital role in analyzing suspicious financial transactions, including financial transactions between child sex exploiters and those gaining benefits from such transactions. Financial transactions between child sex abusers and exploiters are usually done through a financial service institution. The financial transactions are usually done through a credit card and a bank transfer. In addition, they are done through other financial service institutions such as PayPal and Western Union. Actually, PPATK has capacity to analyze suspicious financial transactions between sex buyers and child exploiters to obtain evidence of the involvement of various parties in child sexual exploitation cases in Indonesia. Unfortunately, up to now there is no data and information about financial transactions done by child sex exploiters via financial service institutions. (13-14 June 2017)

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This training is to address sexual exploitation of children through suspicious financial transaction analysis. Purpose of this training is to improve the understanding of PPATK’s analysts of the relation between sexual exploitation of children and financial service institutions also to encourage PPATK and Law Enforcement to internally develop a program that can be used to analyze financial transactions related to sexual exploitation of children done through financial service institutions. 50 participant participated on this training that consist of Financial Transaction Report and Analysis Center (PPATK), Police investigators from Woman and Child Protection Unit and Cyber Crime Unit, Judge, Prosecutors, Financial Services Authority of Indonesia and financial services institutions such as Bank Central Asia, Bank Mandiri and Western Union.

First day of the training was discussion session and learning lesson from the expert. ECPAT International support as for sending expert, Ms. Marie-Laure Lemineur (Head of SECO Programme) as speaker to talk about CSEC issues globaly and steps to be taken. Other organization such as Australian Transaction Reports and Analysis Centre (AUSTRAC), Markus Erikson. AUSTRAC speak about their work to identify and target the financial aspects of child exploitation. This innovative approach has increased the understanding among law enforcement agencies on the financial side of child exploitation, and has led to increased collaboration between investigators and the financial industry in tackling this crime. ECPAT Indonesia, Indonesia National Police and PPATK also speak about the linkage between child sexual exploitation and the involvement of financial institutions and the linkage between sexual exploitation of children and money laundering.

Second day training is full of study case session, all the participation split into 5 groups and discuss about two cases based on their perspective. Each of groups consist of Police, Judge, Prosecutor, PPATK and Financial Institution to discuss process, challenges in handling the case based on their ability. This is very interesting to see what the gap actually between Law Enforcement agencies in handling the case, as the fact is recently number of SECO case in Indonesia is very high but the number of case to bring into court is very small. That’s why on this training they need to see the challenge and gap between Law enforcement and try to find the solution or mechanism that used for handling the case. This training will be followed up with FGD in August to discuss follow-up action.

 

 

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